ROAD SAFETY TIPS
A vehicle should be properly equipped and must always be in good condition for safe driving. No one can legally drive a vehicle that may be a hazard to any person and property just like its operator, it needs regular clean-up and check-up.
Check tie rod. Low tire pressure may cause the wear and tear pressure. Always equip vehicle with spare tires. Tires with worn out thread will slide more easily on wet pavements and may blow-out without warning.
Have clean rearview mirrors to see at least 200 ft. behind. Windows must be clean and free of obstruction. Check vehicle lights if they are all working such as tail lights, turn signals, stop lights, license plate lights and parking lights. Check wipers if they operate properly to clear the windshield. Check mufflers to prevent excessive noise and smoke.
Engine Tune-up: As part of the tune-up, spark plugs, distributor points, condenser and air cleaner must be replaced, carburetor must be cleaned periodically.
Battery: It must be kept in good condition. Add distilled water if the level is low.
Safety Devices: Check devices such as fuses and circuit brakers.
Radiator: Check radiator fluid level before starting the engine.
Brakes: Brakes and parking brakes must be firm enough to stop the vehicle.
Others: Check the temperature gauge and hose connections, brake fluid and master cylinder.
Be sure to check the type of Gasoline/Oil suited for your vehicle.
Check horn if it can be heard from a distance. A defective steering wheel, clutch, pedals and shift gears need serious attention.
Check the ignition lights and gauges register. The car’s gauge warns the driver if something is going wrong.
Find a competent and dependable mechanic is important to a driver for proper maintenance and prevention of car problems before they become critical. It is the responsibility of the driver to keep his car in good running condition.
DRIVER’S PHYSICAL CONDITION:
It is enough to have a vehicle in good running condition to ensure safety in driving. As a driver you must be physically, emotionally and mentally fit to operate your vehicle on the road. This is vital to safe driving.
A driver must see quickly, clearly and accurately. Seeing too late makes decisions come too late. Decisions made while driving are based on what the driver see. If eyes do not see properly, it can be corrected by using corrective lenses.
By smelling, you can tell the presence of gas that may be coming out of your car. Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning may result to drowsiness, headaches, nausea or mental dullness that impair your driving ability. Check your engine and exhaust system if they are in top condition.
A driver who has impaired hearing may not hear important sound like police vehicles, sirens of fire engines and horns of other drivers who wish to pass. The use of hearing aids overcome this defect.
Proper coordination of hand and feet helps in controlling the vehicle while in motion. Sensitivity to the important parts of the car such as brakes, steering system, accelerator, lights and signals through your sense of touch enable you to determine any incoming failure that may surprise you and the other driver to an emergency.
Emotions affect driving performance. Failure to control emotions may lead to fatal consequences.
Anger – It impairs the performance of smooth braking and accelerating due to changes in some body functions such as increase heartbeats.
Anxiety – It may lead to panic decisions.
Excitement – Stress and sometimes happiness changes the functions of the body and mind that prevents wise decision necessary for safe driving.
Fatigue – Is the most common that lower driver’s fitness. Fatigue may come from lack of sleep, excessive physical exercise or from mental or emotional stress. Fatigue dulls the mind and slows down nerve and muscular responses. As a good driver, you must learn to cope with all these emotions, to perform the driving task safely and effectively.
DRIVING AND ALCOHOL
Driving is NOT safe when drunk. It is said that “IF YOU DRINK, DO NOT DRIVE!” Driving a motor vehicle requires concentration.
Driver’s found driving under the influence of alcohol is PUNISHABLE BY LAW.